Chess has been described as a synthesis between art, science and competitive endeavor, and is widely seen as a metaphor (however vague) for life in general or at least a philosophical interpretation or outlook on life. As with all games and sports, chess is about defeating a foe in a battle of skill and ability, but the struggle in chess involves deep analytical and intuitive subtlety due to its inherent appearance of simplicity but actual complexity.

The game is deceptively simple, with its relatively few rules, all of which are easily understood by people of all abilities. However, in chess there are twenty possible starting moves for White (who always plays first) followed by a further twenty for Black (each army starts as a mirror of the other), making 400 different positions on the first move alone. In each of these 400 scenarios, White would probably have a further, for example, 20 or 25 moves, taking the possibilities to at least 8000, then 150,000, 3,000,000, and so on.

It has been proven mathematically that there are more possible ways for a game of chess to unfold than there are atoms in the Universe, though this depends on estimates of how many atoms there are in the universe and the assumption that this number is finite.

Source: Wikiversity

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Chess Useful Links

  • Podcasts

    • The Perpetual Chess Podcast Weekly interviews with movers and shakers from the chess world. Click play_circle_filled to listen to an episodecancel

      EP.216 - Dr. Jana Krivec - Perpetual Chess Podcast

      This week Dr. Jana Krivec joins me. She is the seven-time Woman’s National Champion of Slovenia.  Jana is also a Professor of Psychology at the School of Advanced Social Studies in Nova Gorica, Slovenia. She has recently released a book that synthesizes her interests in chess and brain science. Her book,  Improve Your Life by Playing a Game, gives a rundown of the many psychological issues that chess players often confront, and offers actionable advice on how we all can improve our study habits and our approaches to playing chess. I had a good time speaking with Dr. Krivec, and I think that you will enjoy the interview. Please read on for more details and timestamps.    0:00- We begin by discussing the cognitive biases that are most prevalent amongst chess players.  Mentioned: Adult Improver interview with Dr. Vishnu Sreekumar, (The book recap I mentioned with Dr. Christopher Chabris will be out later this month) , The Dunning Kruger Effect, Emanuel Lasker, Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman    15:00- How can we combat these biases?   20:00- Perpetual Chess is proud to be brought to you in part by Their latest offerings include, Lifetime Repertoires: The Queen’s Gambit Declined by GM Alex Colovic and The Psychology of Chess Tactics    21:00- Dr. Krivec answers a question from the Patreon mailbag about how to deal with the common issue of online “chess tilt.”  Mentioned: The Power of Habit    39:00- Jana answers a Patreon question about how to deal with stress in online chess and she’s asked whether she thinks chess is helpful or harmful with anxiety issues.  Mentioned: Autogenic Training, Progressive Muscle Relaxation    55:00- Perpetual Chess is brought to you in part by!  Check out Chessmood’s blog is here:  and check out their YouTube, featuring Lessons with a Grandmaster here: 56:00- What factors were most instrumental in Jana’s chess successes?    1:04:00- Does Dr. Krivec have an opinion about whether it is better to learn from books or from online tools like Chessable?    1:12:00- Thanks so much to Dr. Krivec for joining the show. You can contact her via Facebook.    You can purchase or see a free teaser of her book via Thinkers Publishing Here: Improve Your Life by Playing a Game – Learn how to turn your life activities into lifelong skills - Thinkers Publishing If you would like to help support Perpetual Chess, you can do so here. See for privacy information.
      1. EP.216 - Dr. Jana Krivec
      2. EP.215 - Dr. Vishnu Sreekumar (Adult Improver Series)
    • Chess: The Full English Breakfast A chess podcast with a couple of cheeky chaps! Macauley Peterson hosts International Master Lawrence Trent and Grandmaster Simon Williams to breakdown the chess world into lively short bites. Click play_circle_filled to listen to an episodecancel
      Episode 54 - May Musings The FEB gang share a bottle of wine and check in on the World Championship, Magnus Carlsen, online blitz grudge matches with Americans and what's (not) rotten in the state of Denmark. Dormant but not dead, subscribe to the podcast to get our irreverent if irregular inquiries into the state of chess and the chess world!   Simon Williams appears courtesy Support the show! You can help the show grow by sharing your favourite episode with friends and family, or if you can spare a minute, please write us a review and leave a high rating on iTunes, Stitcher or Soundcloud. Thanks very much!
      1. 054 - May Musings
      2. 053 - FIDE-fi-fo-fum
    • BBC Radio 4 Across the Board Dominic Lawson conducts a series of interviews over a game of chess. Click play_circle_filled to listen to an episodecancel

      Piers Morgan - Across the Board

      Across The Board is a series of interviews conducted over a game of chess. In this programme Dominic Lawson talks to the outspoken journalist and broadcaster Piers Morgan. The game turns out to be a brutal affair.
      1. Piers Morgan
      2. Antony Beevor
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